Multan is a very old and historical city. It has passed through many vicissitudes of fortune in its long and chequered history but has always been acknowledged as a place of great culture and civilization and has grown from strength to strength to occupy, as it does today, a very distinguished and honorable position among the cities of Pakistan.
It is located in the southern part of the province on the east bank of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic centre of the country and about 562 km from Islamabad, 356 km from Lahore and 966 km from Karachi. Multan District has a population of over 4.5 million.
The early history of Multan, 200 BC, fades away in the mists of mystery and mythology. Most historian agree that once it was conquered by Alexander but he was wounded while fighting to capture the citadel. Now four things are well known about Multan: Heat, dust, beggars and graveyards.
Multan is known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinah-Tul-Oleyahdue to the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is full of bazaars, mosques, shrines and ornate tombs. It is located in a bend created by five rivers of the Punjab province. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from MuzaffarGarh. The city has grown to become an influential political and economical centre for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links. Multan is famous for its crops: wheat, cotton and sugar cane as well as mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranates. A sweet of Multan is famous world wide, its called "Sohan Halva".